Pictures of Marijuana for Parents
Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism.
Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Learn more.
John C. Umhau, MD, MPH, CPE is board-certified in addiction medicine and preventative medicine. He is the medical director at Alcohol Recovery Medicine. For over 20 years Dr. Umhau was a senior clinical investigator at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
These pictures show marijuana, also known as cannabis or weed, in varying stages of growth, processing, and use. You may be concerned about plants you find growing in and around your home. Or, you may wonder whether what you discovered in your child’s room is marijuana or indicates your child may be using marijuana.
Even if you live in a jurisdiction where marijuana is legal, there are age restrictions and your child can end up facing legal consequences. You should prepare to have a conversation with your child about the risks involved in using or selling marijuana when underage.
Cavan Images, LLC / Taxi / Getty Images
Cannabis plants have a palmate leaf with serrated leaflets. You are likely to recognize them from popular art. While there are plants with similar leaves, the serration pattern for Cannabis is distinctive.
The plants have changed considerably in recent decades as they have been bred to produce more buds. There are a number of different types of marijuana plants that may vary somewhat in terms of appearance:
- Indica plants tend to have larger, heavier buds when flowering and have short, wider leaves. This type of plant is native to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
- Sativa is another type of plant that tends to produce long, narrow-shaped flowers. They generally have long, thin leaves. They are found mostly in hot, dry climates and can grow to 12 feet or more.
- Hybrid plants are often grown in greenhouses or on farms and are a combination of Indica and Sativa strains. Their exact appearance depends on the specific plants used to produce them.
- Hemp tends to look similar to other cannabis plants but may have thinner leaves, less branching, and grow very tall. While hemp is still a type of marijuana plant, it contains 0.3% or less THC, the psychoactive compound found in cannabis plants.
Cannabis leaves have a distinctive appearance. They may differ in appearance, however, depending on the specific type of plant.
Oksana Smith / EyeEm / Getty Images
The marijuana bud is the harvested flower that comes from a female cannabis plant. Buds are dried and cured before they are ready to smoke.
If you look closely at a marijuana bud, you will see the fine “hairs” and leaves that make up the bud after it is dried. They are also likely covered with sugar-like crystals that are called trichomes.
Marijuana buds are higher in THC than other parts of the plant and are sold at a premium. Marijuana has been increasingly bred to produce more buds, which is generally much more potent than the average street-grade “weed.”
Steve Cicero / Getty Images
Marijuana is dried and chopped up to prepare for use and sale. The stems are usually removed. Dried marijuana is also typically ground into smaller pieces before being smoked. Grinding helps ensure that all parts of the marijuana burn more evenly. It also helps to release the cannabinoids and terpenes that can then be inhaled.
In most cases, cannabis dispensaries do not pre-grind marijuana before it is sold. Grinding it before a sale can affect freshness and tends to reduce its potency.
Grinding exposes more of the marijuana product to light and oxygen, which causes the THC, terpenes, and cannabinoids to degrade more quickly.
Because of this, people usually grind the marijuana just before using it, whether they are hand-rolling it into a joint or smoking it in a bong or pipe. Ground marijuana may also be combined with tobacco and rolled into a cigar known as a blunt.
Anecdotally, some people prefer using a bong or pipe because it feels smoother and less harsh when inhaled. However, any type of smoking, whether it is a joint, pipe, or blunt has a detrimental impact on the lungs. Smoking damages lung tissues and increases the risk for respiratory conditions and cancer.
Research suggests that people place about twice the amount of marijuana into a blunt as they do in a joint or a pipe. People who smoke blunts may be at a higher risk of experiencing negative side effects due to the amount of marijuana they smoke. One study found that people who smoke blunts experience more intense withdrawal symptoms when they enter treatment for cannabis use disorder.
Ground marijuana can be smoked in a variety of ways such as a joint, spliff, blunt, bong, or pipe. How it is used often depends on personal preference.
How to Grow Marijuana from Seed
If you’re in a location where cannabis (another term for marijuana; short for the plant cannabis sativa) is illegal, growing it is probably illegal too. Bringing in seeds or cuttings to your location can very well be a felony, and reputable sellers won’t ship to you.
You can probably purchase and grow hemp seeds and plants, which have a negligible amount of THC, but these plants won’t produce the psychoactive effects of plants that contain higher levels of THC. Check with your seller to be certain you’re getting what you think you’re purchasing. If you buy seeds for CBD-only hemp plants by mistake, you can end up being very disappointed post-harvest.
How to acquire seeds or cuttings
You can usually find cannabis seeds for sale at most dispensaries in areas where growing cannabis for personal use is legal. You may also find growers who sell cuttings/clones. You can expect to pay $50 to $100 for a pack of ten seeds. When shopping for seeds or cuttings, read the labels and any other information the manufacturer provides on its website or in its catalog to make sure you’re getting the right seeds or cuttings (the strain) for the plants you want to grow.
One way to get your mitts on some seeds is to collect seeds when you find them in flowers you purchased, or get some from friends if they’re collecting.
- Feminized seeds: Nearly all seeds sold by reputable companies are feminized, but make sure they are. These seeds are specially treated to grow into female plants.
- Auto-flowering or photoperiod: Auto-flowering plants are easier, because they enter the flower stage after a certain number of weeks regardless of the light/dark cycle. If you’re a beginner, seriously consider going with auto-flowering plants.
- Genetic background: If seeds are from a well-established strain, such as O.G. Kush, Bubble Gum, or a cross-breed, the genetic background should be stated.
- Blend: The blend represents the percentage of the three species — sativa, indica, and ruderalis. All auto-flower strains contain some percentage of ruderalis, which is responsible for the auto-flowering nature of the plant.
- Yield indoors: The number of grams of bud per square meter of plant when grown indoors.
- Yield outdoors: The number of grams of bud per plant (after drying) when grown outdoors.
- Plant height indoors: Shorter than when grown outdoors.
- Plant height outdoors: Taller than when grown indoors.
- Time to harvest: Approximate number of weeks after germination the flower should be ready to harvest.
- Potency: Percentages of CBD and THC.
- Effect: The type of experience you can expect when consuming product from the plant.
Know the laws about buying cannabis
- In some European countries, laws prohibit growing cannabis, but seed is legal, which is quite confusing. You’re allowed to buy and eat cannabis seeds because they’re non-psychotropic, but you can’t buy them to grow cannabis. Other countries in Europe, such as Germany, have their own seed laws.
- In Canada, where cannabis is federally legal, seeds can be shipped across provincial lines.
- In the U.S., in some states in which cannabis is legal, you can purchase seeds from some dispensaries or other locations to grow plants as long as you keep them in the state. Other states may bar selling to non-licensed growers. Shipping or transporting seeds across state or international borders is illegal, although a few reputable online seed stores ship to individuals with success.
Cuttings are typically treated in a similar manner as seeds in legalized locations. They may be available from some dispensaries or outlets for pick up or delivery with a fee. They’re prohibited from crossing U.S. state lines or international borders. You can buy individual plants and mix and match strains. Prices vary and are often determined by plant size.
Buy cuttings (clones) only from a reputable source who understands proper back-crossing of strains for stability. Back-crossing involves pollinating a plant with one of its parent plants to promote sexual stability, so that when you have a female it won’t hermaphrodite into a male during flowering.
Both seeds and clones are often able to be purchased from commercial locations already in your state.
In the U.S., transporting any part of the cannabis plant over state lines is illegal. This applies to seeds and clones and, technically, even to tissue samples.
How to germinate cannabis seeds
Germinating seeds requires a dark environment that is around 70 degrees. There are many ways to germinate seeds (in soil, in a wet paper towel, in starter plugs) You can also sow them directly into soil in a garden or container, as long as the soil is light and fluffy, so the roots can easily grow down and the stalk can break through the soil. Plant the seeds about 1/4- to 1/2-inch deep and cover them loosely with soil.
Most importantly, seeds need a moist environment; they won’t germinate if they get too dry. You can use a heat mat to increase the success of germination in colder climates.
How to transplant marijuana plants
When transplanting any plant, whether it started from seed or a clone, handle it gently, being very careful not to damage the roots. Center the plant in the pot, and plant it deep enough to cover the root ball completely in soil. If the plant is root bound, you can gently tease the roots apart to encourage outward growth.
Pack your soil or other grow medium down around the roots well enough to support the plant while new roots grow, but not so tight that the soil restricts outward root growth. Water the soil around the roots.
About This Article
This article is from the book:
About the book authors:
Kim Ronkin Casey has been a communications professional for more than 20 years and recently took a year-long leap into the world of cannabis as the communications manager for one of the leading dispensaries in North America. She now consults for companies in the industry on internal and external communications. Joe Kraynak is a professional writer who has contributed to numerous For Dummies books.