Marijuana Buds And Seeds

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Buy Cannabis Seeds Online

Discover the complete plant life cycle of the cannabis plant to further your knowledge of marijuana trimming and production. Keen to know more about cannabis bud structure? Our guide explains the detail and botany that make up our beloved cannabis buds. How to buy marijuana seeds Many cannabis consumers like the idea of growing marijuana on their own — whether it’s recreational weed or medical marijuana. People often find it incredibly rewarding

From Seed to Bud: The Plant Life Cycle of Cannabis

The popularity of marijuana plants is rife at different angles. However, it is the simple life cycle that makes the herb unique. From a seed into a mature bud, the cycle is one of the easiest to master. Below is a breakdown of how the plant grows until it reaches maturity.

Seed Germination

The life of a cannabis plant starts immediately when the seed is sown into the ground. The rate of germination of the seed depends on the conditions it is exposed to. First, if the seed is watered regularly, it germinates at a fast pace. Colour and texture determine the quality of the seed, and to a great extent, the time it takes to germinate.

A healthy seed should be dry and hard. It should also have a dark-brown color. It is advisable to avoid sowing seeds that are white or green since the probability of germinating is negligible. High-quality cannabis seeds take between five to ten days to sprout.

The Seedling Stage

The seedling stage in cannabis takes place immediately after the seeds germinate. A standard cannabis seedling should have leaves containing a single-ridged blade. During the growth stage, the cannabis plant should be green.

During the seedling stage, it is advisable to reduce the rate of watering to protect their delicate stems. Besides, the risk of the plant developing mold and getting diseases is also higher during the seedling stage.

The seedling should be watered after two days. Overwatering the seedlings is a common mistake many growers make, which might affect the time taken for the cannabis to grow and develop. Also, the seedling should be kept in an area with free circulation of air and sunlight. This allows the chlorophyll to form and crucial cannabinoids to accumulate in the leaves.

If the right conditions are adhered to, the seedling stage should take between two and three weeks. Most importantly, the seedling stage should also be exposed to a source of light for at least 18 hours a day. Sunlight is the most common source of light used by cannabis seedlings. However, the sophistication in technology has led to the improvisation of LED lights, which provide the same light properties as the sunlight.

Vegetative Stage

The vegetative stage is considered the time when the marijuana plant starts to mature. During the phase, the leaves become full, and the stems sturdier. The rate of growth also hastens, giving the plant a bushy appearance.

During the vegetative stage, it is advisable to transfer the plant to a place where it will attain the full size. In addition, the watering style should be changed. In this case, the water should be poured further from the stalk to protect the roots from being exposed. The stage takes approximately three to sixteen weeks and requires about 18 hours of light.

Flowering Stage

During the flowering stage, buds start to form on the cannabis plant. It is also during this stage that the sex of the plant begins to manifest. Once the male parts have been identified, they can be separated to prevent them from germinating the female ones.

The formation of buds is more prevalent in week 6 and 7 in the cycle. It is also advisable to avoid pruning leaves and branches two weeks before the marijuana starts to produce flower buds.

During this phase, the plant should be watered less, and the plant exposed less to light. The plant should receive less than 12 hours of sunlight in a day. Less exposure to light allows the cannabinoid levels in the plant to increase. The rate of watering during this stage should be lower.

Harvesting

Once the buds have matured, harvesting can take place. It involves plucking the branches from the plant and hanging them to allow excess moisture to evaporate. It is also during harvesting that bud trimming takes place. This consists of removing fan leaves from the buds together with sugar leaves. However, the removal of sugar leaves from the buds is less common since they contain a high amount of THC. Once the marijuana trimming has taken place, the seeds can be prepared for planting again.

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Breaking down the cannabis bud structure

The cannabis plant remains one of our most treasured crops. How many other crops reward their grower so richly? How many plants deliver such joy and satisfaction? From the iconic leaf shape to the glittering, sticky and aromatic buds, cannabis draws our gaze like no other. The more knowledge/understanding the grower has about their cannabis plant, the better their ability to optimise the growth. Read our detailed guide to learn more and improve your own skills.

Summary:
How are cannabis buds made?
The different parts of a cannabis bud
Female vs male cannabis buds
Sativa vs indica cannabis buds
Cannabis buds colours meaning
Growing the best cannabis buds

How are cannabis buds made?

For most cannabis growers the buds, and the terpenes/cannabinoids produced by them, are the most important part of the cannabis plant. Optimise the nutrients, lighting and environment and the buds will swell and merge forming thick, long blooms.

Start with the best cannabis seeds and you can expect proven genetics that will deliver heavy crops of Grade-A cannabis buds. In nature, the cannabis buds act as the host for the cannabis seeds which form after pollination. In practise most cannabis growers work hard to ensure that no pollination occurs, this allows the plant to focus her biochemical pathways to produce extra cannabinoids/terpenes rather than use the energy to produce seeds.

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Ever since feminised cannabis seeds were first created by Dutch Passion in the 1990’s the overwhelming majority of growers switched to the use of feminised seeds. These give rise to 95%+ mature female cannabis plants.

The different parts of a cannabis bud

Within the cannabis bud structure there are several different plant parts, all of which play a key role. Knowing a little more about the form and function of the female cannabis plant can help the grower understand more about the growth. The most knowledgeable cannabis growers tend to be the ones that produce the best quality harvests. Cannabis bud structure isn’t too difficult to understand and shows many similarities with other plant species.

Calyx (or bract)

A long cannabis bloom is composed of many closely packed cannabis buds. Cannabis buds are made from numerous calyxes. These are small tear-drop shaped structures that would normally encase the cannabis seed, if pollination were to occur. The calyxes are positioned between the stem and branches, they first appear as pre-flowers. Once bloom has begun the calyxes multiply, usually coated in sticky resin. For many cannabis growers, the favourite part of the cannabis bud structure are the sticky, potent calyxes!

Pistils and stigmas

Pistils provide part of the sexual function in cannabis. They have a single ovule that gives rise to two stigmas. The stigmas are the familiar hairs that emerge from the calyx. Initially they are white. As harvest approaches the stigmas often take on a more orange hue (occasionally red, pink or other colours are possible).

If the stigmas turn orange/brown quicker than expected it could be a sign that pollination has occurred. That may happen due to a deliberate pollination, or an accidental pollination if e.g. a hermaphrodite cannabis plant is present in the grow room.

Colas

A cannabis cola is the name often given to a long, fat bloom. Good quality sativa cannabis seeds are known for producing long buds. The cola is formed when a healthy cannabis plant forms numerous buds which grow closely together. In the best cases, a cola can be as long as your arm and just as wide!

Sugar Leaves

Sugar leaves are the small resin-soaked leaves that can be found in and around the blooms. Found within the cannabis bud structure, sugar leaves are often removed during the trimming process. However, due to the dense trichome coverage the sugar leaves are rarely thrown away. Instead many growers will use them to create cannabis concentrates and cannabis extracts, such as hash, cannabis oil, shatter etc.

When the sugar leaves are particularly small the grower often simply leaves them in the buds. Removing them can be fiddly, and possibly unnecessary since they are loaded with generous resin levels.

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How to harvest, dry and cure cannabis

Trichomes

One of the favourite parts of the cannabis bud structure, trichomes are the mushroom-shaped microscopic resin glands which store terpenes and cannabinoids. They are thought to be partly designed to deter insect infestation. The sticky layer traps pests and is thought to be toxic to many.

Recent research also suggests that the chemicals in the trichomes can protect the plant from UV light damage. But to the connoisseur cannabis seed grower, the presence of a thick & pungent trichome layer is a guarantee of quality, potency and satisfaction!

Related:
Cannabis trichomes – everything you need to know

The cannabis stem forms the backbone of the plant from which the branches and blooms will emerge. However, the stem (as well as the branches) can be manipulated, bent, cut etc to allow heavier harvests.

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Cannabis high stress training (HST) tutorial

Female vs male cannabis buds

Most cannabis growers are familiar with the shape/smell of female cannabis buds. Ever since the arrival of feminised cannabis seeds, male cannabis plants have been in short supply and tend to be quickly disposed of. Male cannabis ‘buds’ look more like small balls, or miniature ‘grapes’ that contain pollen. Once the pollen sacs have ruptured, the pollen is spread where it hopes to land on a stigma and create the process of cannabis seed production.

Most growers, with the exception of those making their own cannabis seeds, seek to avoid male cannabis flower at all costs. This is to prevent their harvest of cannabis buds being reduced to seed.

Related:
Autoflower vs feminised cannabis seeds explained

Sativa vs indica cannabis buds

Sativa cannabis genetics tended to evolve in tropical, moist and warm conditions. As a result of this, and to minimise chances of mold/bud rot, sativa cannabis strains tend to have a slightly more open and airy cannabis bud structure. This allows the sativa buds slightly more latitude/air flow before they suffer the dreaded botrytis mold infection.

Indica cannabis buds often evolved in slightly less humid conditions, often in cooler more mountainous and less tropical environments. That’s why the cannabis bud structure for indicas is slightly denser and more compact than that of sativa strains. The threat of mold is often much less in a typical indica habitat compared to a tropical sativa habitat – that is reflected in the way the cannabis bud structure evolved.

Related:
Indica vs Sativa: Origins, Uses and Effects

Cannabis buds colours meaning

When growing cannabis seeds (either feminised seeds or autoflower seeds) the results you achieve will depend very much on the environmental conditions used during cultivation. A pro-grower with LED grow lights and an optimised environment may get significantly superior harvests (and greater THC levels) compared to a less experienced grower with limited cultivation skills. Even when using the same cannabis genetics.

Different environmental conditions and temperatures can influence cellular biochemistry. One side effect with cooler conditions can be more autumnal hues to the bud colours. But certain cannabis strains, for example Auto Blackberry Kush, can also produce striking bud blue/purple bud colours simply due to the genetics. Different colours in the cannabis buds can be due to genetic factors, environmental factors…or both.

Related:
What do different weed colours indicate?

Growing the best cannabis buds

To get the best quality cannabis buds you need to combine the best cannabis genetics with a good grow environment. Even the world’s best cannabis grower can’t accomplish much with low quality cannabis seeds, buy the finest you can from a supplier with a solid reputation and perhaps a cannabis cup or two.

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Do your utmost to optimise grow room conditions and the genetics should do the rest. These days LED grow lights are widely regarded as the best quality light source, they produce the highest THC levels and terpene content and are highly recommended.

How to buy marijuana seeds

Many cannabis consumers like the idea of growing marijuana on their own — whether it’s recreational weed or medical marijuana. People often find it incredibly rewarding to smoke buds from their own marijuana plants, and many enjoy being able to nurture plants all the way from cannabis seed to final harvest. Growing marijuana can be accomplished by either starting with cannabis clones or by sprouting and planting cannabis seeds.

Marijuana seeds are now easier than ever to find and purchase. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Fortunately, cannabis seeds are now easier to find and purchase than ever before. With many top-notch seed banks making a wide variety of feminized and autoflower seeds available alongside regular seeds, it’s very easy to buy cannabis seeds online or in brick-and-mortar stores. That being said, the way you go about buying marijuana seeds is still very dependent on the laws in your area. But before you plunk down your hard-earned dough for something to grow, there are several things you need to consider. From legal concerns to strain choices to indoor vs outdoor, this guide will walk you through everything you need to know to purchase cannabis seeds.

How marijuana laws affect buying cannabis seeds

The law is the first thing to take into consideration when planning to grow cannabis. Before doing anything else, double and triple check the laws in your area related to purchasing cannabis products and growing weed at home. This is important because the legal status of both cannabis products and home cultivation will dictate where and how you can buy cannabis seeds.

If you live in a state where it is legal to grow weed at home and there are not many restrictions on home cultivation, then you’ll likely be able to buy cannabis seeds directly from your favorite licensed dispensary. In some cases, you may also have the option of buying from a brick-and-mortar or online retailer.

How to decide which cannabis seeds to buy

However you go about buying cannabis seeds, you need to plan ahead. In many ways, successful germination and eventual harvest depend on getting the right seeds upfront. Fortunately, the cannabis industry is now offering an incredibly broad selection of seeds to choose from. Here are some of the most important factors you need to think about to ensure that the marijuana seeds you buy will meet your needs and objectives.

Indica, sativa, or hybrid?

There is a seemingly endless variety of cannabis strains now in existence. Before buying cannabis seeds you need to know what kind of weed you want to grow. Start by figuring out if you want to grow an indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or hybrid strain. Indica-dominant plants tend to be short and bushy with thick stems and broad, deep-green leaves. They also have short flowering cycles and grow well in cold climates with short growing seasons. Sativa plants have longer flowering cycles, fare better in warm climates with long seasons, and usually grow taller with light-green, narrow leaves.

For the last 50 years of cannabis cultivation, crossbreeding has been the name of the game. As a result, there’s virtually no such thing as a pure indica or sativa anymore. Every seed you’ll consider purchasing is probably a hybrid. Classifying a particular cultivar or strain as indica or sativa usually means that its genetic makeup tends more toward one side or the other of the indica-sativa spectrum.

Which marijuana strain?

In addition to deciding between indica, sativa, and hybrid, you should also figure out which specific strain you want to grow. If you are not sure which marijuana strain you want to grow, or you’re curious to learn about other strains you might not be familiar with, browse through the digital catalogs of reputable seed banks online and read about the various strains currently available. The best seed banks will have plenty of helpful information.

When you’ve decided which strain to grow, do a bit of research to familiarize yourself with the unique cultivation needs of that strain. While there are general guidelines for growing any type of cannabis, each strain has its own specific needs. Some strains do better in specific parts of the world or climates. Growing a strain that is well-suited to your climate will make it easier on you and the plants while giving you better odds of a successful harvest. If you aren’t certain what strain you want to grow, you can always give mixed packs of seeds a try, though it may be difficult to replicate any successes.

Indoor or outdoor cultivation?

Another question to ask yourself is whether you want to be an indoor grower or an outdoor grower.

Growing indoor seeds gives you the ability to control and fine-tune the growing climate for your plants. You may feel more confident trying new seeds or difficult cultivars because you can adjust the environment as needed.

Outdoor growing inherently carries a different set of concerns, including the length of the outdoor growing season and other big variables. If you plan to grow marijuana outside, you should probably spend a bit more time researching the specific cannabis seeds you want to purchase to make sure they will thrive in your unique climate and environment. On the other hand, some cultivars thrive better outside and deliver better yields. And there are those who swear that weed grown outside under the sun simply tastes, smells, and smokes better.

Growing inside gives you a bit more flexibility as you can control and fine-tune the growing culture for your plants. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Regular marijuana seeds, feminized seeds, or autoflowering seeds?

If you browse through seeds being sold at a dispensary or an online store, you will immediately see feminized seeds, regular seeds, and autoflower seeds. A vital part of understanding how to buy cannabis seeds is understanding the differences between these categories that refer to the sex or maturation process of the seeds.

When you buy regular seeds, some will grow up to produce male plants and others will grow into female plants. Therefore, growing regular cannabis seeds requires you to pay close attention to the sex of each plant so you can get rid of any males that sprout. Male marijuana plants produce fewer, smaller, less-potent flowers, and therefore will not give you much to smoke. Even worse, males will pollinate your female plants and cause them to produce low-quality buds that are full of seeds. If you plant regular seeds, plan to buy more than you might actually need, as a higher percentage of these weed seeds will produce male plants.

On the other hand, feminized seeds have been bred to produce only female cannabis plants. For many growers, these are the best cannabis seeds to use. One reason is that using feminized seeds means you won’t need to buy quite as many because a higher percentage will grow into female plants. However, feminized seeds are not fool-proof, and there is no fully reliable germination guarantee, so you should still pay attention to the sex of your plants as they mature so you can spot and eliminate any males that might pop up. In general, feminized seeds are easier and more straightforward to grow.

The difference between male and female seeds is important for growers. To get big harvests of smokable buds, you want only female plants. Male plants, on the other hand, can cause a lot of problems as they will pollinate the female flowers, which makes the buds produce seeds. While some people argue for the usefulness of male cannabis plants, most growers are primarily interested in big, seed-free flowers from female plants.

Finally, autoflowering seeds have more to do with the growth cycle of the marijuana plant than the sex of plants. Many growers consider autoflowers to be the best seed choice because they require less work and flower more quickly. When growing regular, or photoperiod, seeds indoors, you will have to manipulate the light your plant receives in order to trigger the flowering process. But autoflowering seeds have been genetically designed to produce plants that automatically flower based on their age rather than changes in the light, meaning less work for you.

Autoflowering seeds have been genetically designed to produce a plant that automatically flowers without you needing to be fully on top of altering the light your plant receives. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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How many plants to grow?

Once you’ve figured out which seeds are right for you, you need to decide how many seeds to purchase. Regardless of the strain or type of seed, you should have an idea of how many plants you want to grow. It’s also a good idea to circle back to your area’s laws and check the number of plants you’re legally allowed to grow.

Remember, seeds must be germinated before planting and there is no such thing as an iron-clad germination guarantee. Always plan on a certain percentage of seeds failing to germinate or growing into weak, unviable plants. So plan on purchasing more seeds than you think you will need. As a general guideline, assume that at least 25% of the seeds you plant will, for one reason or another, not make it to harvest. For best results, buy and plant 25% more seeds than the number of mature plants you want to produce.

How to buy weed seeds online

Buying online may be the simplest way to purchase cannabis seeds. Online retailers often have a larger selection and may provide more detailed information than smaller brick-and-mortar stores.

At the same time, there are some potential drawbacks to buying seeds online. For one, some weed-legal locations, including the US, still outlaw buying and shipping seeds across state or national borders. There are also issues of reliability. If you want to do business with an online cannabis seed bank, take some time researching the company. Make sure it’s reputable and has good customer reviews.

How to buy cannabis seeds in a brick-and-mortar store

Buying seeds directly from a brick-and-mortar shop gives you the benefit of being able to talk to an expert before making your purchase. Make sure the dispensary you’re buying from has employees who are experienced with the growing process.

Here are a few questions you should ask before making a purchase:

  • What are the main cannabinoids in the strain? If you are looking to buy seeds that produce a certain cannabinoid profile in the mature plant, ask if they tend to produce plants that match your requirements.
  • What kind of yields do the plants produce?
  • Do the plants require any special care like trellising, certain nutrients, or a particular environment to prevent pests and disease?

Bottom line

In many ways, buying high-quality seeds is very much like buying other items related to cannabis. Even in places where weed is legal, seeds are generally considered cannabis products the same as flower, edibles, oils, and anything else coming from the cannabis plant. For that reason, always pay very close attention to the legal status of marijuana seeds in your area.

With the ability to buy marijuana seeds online or from brick and mortar sellers, and so many vendors now able to sell seeds directly to consumers, it is easier than ever to grow your own cannabis plants. Having all those options available makes it more important than ever to research all the options before you make that final purchase.

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