Is it legal to buy weed seeds online in australia

Buying Marijuana Seeds in Australia 2022

Laws on Buying & Growing Marijuana Seeds in Australia. Growing Tips, Recommended Strains and the Best Seed Banks That Ship Down Under For the 2022 Growing Season.

Australia has experienced a significant shift in medical cannabis laws in recent years, with a growing push to legalize recreational cannabis.

With more than 7-million active cannabis users and counting, Australia is on the cusp of a green wave. However, finding information on buying cannabis seeds in Australia from reputable seed banks is still hazy — until now.

Join us as we dive into the topic of buying marijuana seeds in Australia legally, safely, and with maximum ease. Furthermore, you learn all about Australia’s cannabis history, recent laws, cannabis culture, and, of course, the best marijuana seed banks that serve Australia and its residents.

Additionally, you’ll gain insight into:

  • Tips for growing cannabis seeds in Australia
  • The best cannabis seeds to buy in Australia

Ultimately, this guide on buying cannabis seeds in Australia will prove useful for people traveling as tourists or living as Australian residents.

As cannabis laws are constantly evolving worldwide, it’s always prudent to check local laws for any relevant updates. By doing so, you’ll ensure that you’re purchasing legal marijuana seeds from top-rate seed banks in Australia for the best experience possible.

Without further ado — let’s begin!

In A Nutshell: The Legality of Buying, Selling, Possessing, and Growing Marijuana Seeds in Australia

We know — the legality of buying, selling, possessing, and growing marijuana seeds in Australia is complicated.

Here is a quick recap of the most critical aspects of the legality of cannabis seeds in Australia:

  • Medical and recreational cannabis is legal in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), including growing marijuana seeds from local or online seed banks.
  • Recreational cannabis is illegal in all other territories and jurisdictions outside of the ACT.
  • Once outside of the ACT, it’s illegal to grow marijuana seeds. If you decide to purchase cannabis seeds from a seed bank and grow them — it’s at your discretion.
  • Medical marijuana exists in Australia; however, you must have a valid license. Furthermore, the government supplies cannabis by allowing licensed companies to cultivate marijuana seeds and distribute marijuana-based products. Ultimately, medical marijuana patients in Australia (outside of ACT) are not allowed to grow marijuana seeds themselves.

Continue reading below for an in-depth guide on the legal aspects of marijuana and marijuana seeds in Australia.

Girl Scout Cookies

Growing Cannabis Seeds in Australia

If you want to grow cannabis seeds in Australia — this is the section you need to read.

When to Sprout Marijuana Seeds in Australia

A typically ideal time to begin growing cannabis in Australia is October (Southern Hemisphere).

Seedlings may be sprouted indoors while the winter season transitions to spring. When the spring season begins a few weeks later, the marijuana plants can then be moved outdoors. Harvests typically start in March and run through May in regions with seasonal temperature changes.

In milder regions of Australia, cannabis seeds can grow any season of the year outdoors, giving growers up to four harvests in a single year.

Issues to Consider When Growing Marijuana Seeds in Australia

However, Australian outdoor growers are generally plagued by issues with the intense sun and the plants’ inability to handle scorching or freezing temperatures.

Outdoor-grown cannabis buds may also be susceptible to mold, which can ruin a harvest, theft, or being eaten by wild animals. With that being said, most of Australia’s general climate and soil conditions create an excellent environment for growing marijuana. However, doing so will be a much easier undertaking for those who already have experience in the field.

Tips for Growing Cannabis Seeds in Australia

When it comes to growing marijuana seeds in Australia, you must understand a few critical factors to have a successful harvest.

Below, you’ll find three essential tips that’ll ensure a stellar harvest of ounces of buds that are drenched in resin.

1. Buy Cannabis Seeds From a Reputable Online or Local Seed Bank in Australia

Although it may sound obvious, buying marijuana seeds from a legitimate seed bank is the key to success.

By purchasing marijuana seeds from a tried-and-true seed bank in Australia, you’ll find weed seeds with:

  • High germination rates
  • Vigorous cannabis plants
  • Verified marijuana seed strains
2. Buy Cannabis Seeds for the Australian Climate

One of the most important aspects of growing marijuana seeds in Australia is understanding the climate.

Are you growing cannabis seeds in Victoria or Brisbane (Bris-Vegas)? Overall, you’ll want to find marijuana seeds that produce plants that are:

  • Drought tolerant
  • Resistant to mold and pests
  • Resilient against extreme heat or sudden cold

As long as you choose cannabis seeds with these inner-traits, you’ll find buckets of bud come harvest time.

3. Plan Your Cannabis Garden in Advance

Remember, most Australian populations live in a Mediterranean climate, allowing cannabis plants ample time to finish flowering.

However, what many cannabis cultivators in Australia forget is to plan the garden months before planting the first cannabis seed of the season.

Therefore, you must figure out which cannabis seeds you’ll grow, where you’ll grow them, and what you’ll grow the weed seeds in. If you need help, we have guides on How to Plan an Indoor Cannabis Garden and How to Plan an Outdoor Cannabis Garden.

Once you plan these three factors — all you’ll need to do is kickstart your cannabis seeds and let the Australian sun (or artificial lighting) do its trick!

Super Lemon Diesel

White Widow Max

Super Sour Berry

Which Marijuana Seed Store Is the Best Option for Australian Residents?

Remember, it’s illegal to possess and grow marijuana seeds in all states and territories outside of the ACT.

However, it’s easy to discreetly buy cannabis seeds in Australia online or locally from reputable seed banks.

Read along to learn about the two options for buying cannabis seeds in Australia — online or in-person at a local seed bank.

Local Australian Seed Banks

At the moment — there isn’t much in terms of selection when it comes to seed stores in Australia.

In other words, it’s tough to buy marijuana seeds at a local seed bank in Australia. Besides meeting other cannabis enthusiasts in Australia, such as PotPlace, your best bet for finding marijuana seeds is via online seed banks.

Online Seed Banks That Ship to Australia

Overall, online seed stores are the place to buy marijuana seeds in Australia.

However, not all marijuana seed banks ship to Australia. Luckily, we found the best online marijuana seed banks that ship to Australia.

Here are our recommended seed banks to buy marijuana seeds and have them shipped to your door in Australia.

MSNL Seedbank – The high quality of the cannabis seeds in Australia you purchase from MSNL Seedbank makes it one of the best around. Based in London, United Kingdom, marijuana-seeds.nl is known for reliably delivering juicy strains at low prices because they buy in bulk directly from Dutch producers. They pass the savings onto you! MSNL accepts Bitcoin (including other cryptocurrencies), debit/credit cards, bank transfers, cash, and money orders.

ILGM Seed Bank – A reputable breeder and seed store, discreetly ships to Australia. They deliver when they say they will do so and provide supreme-quality cannabis seeds, including shipping and germination guarantees. There are several ways to pay, from cash, credit cards, Bitcoin, or bank transfer — you name it!

Remember, we chose these two premier online cannabis seed stores for Australian residents because they offer:

  • Incredible seed strain selection
  • Shipping to Australia
  • Stealth options
  • High-quality marijuana seeds
  • Outstanding customer support

As for the fine print — be aware that buying cannabis seeds from seed stores in Australia (except ACT) and then getting caught possessing, using, or selling cannabis is illegal as per the federal government. Always review the local laws where you live to ensure you understand the potential repercussions of non-compliance.

Marijuana-Seeds.NL – High Quality Genetics. Shipping Worldwide.

Recommended Cannabis Seed Strains to Buy and Grow in Australia

If you’re ready to buy the best cannabis seed strains to grow down under — here’s our top picks that’ll produce the best (and biggest) buds that Australia has ever seen.

Each of these seed strains can be found at our two highly recommended online seed banks — ILGM and MSNL. The best part? Both ILGM and MSNL ship to Australia!

Without further ado — here’s our recommended seed strains to buy and grow in Australia:

  1. Critical
  2. Jack Herer
  3. Girl Scout Cookies

In most cases, you may find both feminized and autoflowering seed types, making each of these seed strains even easier to grow. However, let’s briefly discuss the benefits of growing these three seed strains in Australia.

Critical

As the name implies, the Critical seed strain leaves anyone who indulges in her trichome-packed buds in a critically-stoned state.

Perfect for Australia’s hot and dry summer, Critical feminized seeds grow tall and finish flowering within 10-weeks. Huge buds, extreme resin coverage, and ease-of-growth beckon Australian cannabis cultivators of all skill levels.

Jack Herer

Jack Herer is the ace of spades in any cannabis cultivator’s seed collection.

Known for its remarkable potency, resilience in hot and dry climates, and resistance to mold, Jack Herer is a must-have seed strain when growing in Australia’s outback.

Girl Scout Cookies

Girl Scout Cookies

Last but not least is Girl Scout Cookies — the West Coast legend.

If you’re in Australia and wish to leave everyone in “shock-and-awe” with top-shelf weed — look no further than growing this gorgeous indica-dominant seed strain.

Overall, Girl Scout Cookies feminized seeds are a must if you grow indoors or outdoors in Australia.

History on Growing, Using, Selling, and Buying Cannabis Seeds From Seed Banks in Australia

Like most countries in the world, Australia’s history is loaded with strict cannabis laws.

From barring residents from buying marijuana seeds from seed banks to making it a crime to consume weed — Australia is another prime example of prohibition gone wrong.

Let’s take a look at the past, present, and potential future of Australia’s cannabis regulations.

1924: Buying Cannabis From Seed Banks in Australia Becomes Illegal

Restrictions on buying cannabis seeds from seed banks in Australia date back to 1924 at the Geneva Convention on Opium and Other Drugs.

The decriminalization of marijuana for recreational use was proposed in the 1970s. This movement received support from the 1978 New South Wales Joint Parliamentary Committee on Drugs. However, no legal changes happened because of opposition from the 1979 Australian Royal Commission of Inquiry into Drugs, which stated that decriminalizing weed and allowing Australian residents to buy marijuana seeds would conflict with the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.

See also  Does cornmeal keep weed seeds from germinating

Recent Cannabis Legalization Efforts in Australia And a Big Win for the Greens Party

Australia has a National Drug Strategy, which is its federal drug policy regarding criminal sanctions and favors harm minimization. Overall, Australia does not have a severe system for drug offenses; instead, it focuses on reducing harm and using treatment strategies within the law enforcement system.

In recent years, the Greens party has worked to legalize the use of recreational marijuana in Australia, despite pushback from Greg Hunt, the country’s Minister for Health. Their efforts bear fruits, with the ACT (which includes the capital city of Canberra and several neighboring townships) legalizing recreational cannabis as of January 31, 2020.

Australia’s Greens Party leader wants to legalize cannabis.

Growing Marijuana Seeds in ACT Becomes Legal

ACT Residents over the age of 18 are now allowed to possess up to 50 grams of dried cannabis and even cultivate the plant from seed. By enabling the growth of up to 2 plants per person, or 4 per household, ACT residents can now legally buy marijuana seeds in Australia from a reputable seed bank.

Taxes generated from all legal marijuana sales will fund drug education programs and harm-reduction and treatment programs. Although marijuana seeds are now legal in the ACT, it is still illegal at the federal level.

Looking to the Future

As we can see, public opinion regarding medical and recreational marijuana is rapidly changing.

With the Greens Party and many other pro-cannabis supporters, Australia may soon see recreational cannabis laws in the not-too-distant future. Although residents in Australia’s ACT are the only individuals allowed to buy recreational marijuana seeds from in-store and online seed banks — the rest of Australia may follow suit very soon.

Nimbin, the weed capital of Australia

Cannabis Culture in Australia

Cannabis is the most widely used “illegal” substance in Australia, and support for its use is growing.

As per the 2019 National Drug Strategy Household (NDSH) Survey, 36% of Aussies aged 14 years and older have used cannabis at least once in their lives, with 6.6% of respondents using it within the last month.

In 2019, when the most recent NDSH Survey was conducted, its results indicated growing Aussie support for the legalization of cannabis, with 41% of respondents in favor of it.

Are Medical Cannabis Seeds Legal in Australia?

On February 24, 2016, the Australian parliament passed legislation approving medical marijuana use by people with chronic, severe health conditions. It also legalized growing weed seeds for scientific purposes – an important step towards allowing for mandatory cannabis research.

With optimal growing conditions, such as warm temperatures, humid climate, and other notable agricultural requirements, Australia is the perfect place to grow marijuana seeds en masse. However, extensive licensing is required to grow cannabis seeds currently.

Medical Marijuana’s First Appearance in Australia

With this legislation, the Narcotic Drugs Act 1967 was amended to allow cannabis seeds to be grown for the purpose of manufacturing medicinal weed products in the country. The update came after a suggestion proposed by Malcolm Turnball’s federal government and was supported by the main opposition party.

2021 — The Year of Medical Marijuana in Australia

The use, production, manufacturing, and distribution of medical marijuana are legal at the federal level in Australia in 2021, provided that you meet a few stipulations.

Under the new regulations, patients who have a valid prescription can use and possess medical cannabis grown in Australia. An additional requirement is that the weed must have been approved under the Therapeutic Goods Act and comply with laws in the relevant state and territory. A national regulator tracks medical weed products on behalf of the government from the growing stage to supply and restrict any criminal activity.

The change to the legislation of medicinal cannabis came one year after Daniel Haslam died, at just 25 years old, from bowel cancer. Daniel was an advocate for medicinal marijuana in New South Wales and received national attention in 2014 by sharing his story of how battling cancer and managing cancer treatments were made tolerable by the use of marijuana. He had used medical weed to relieve nausea and poor appetite that his chemotherapy-induced before he passed away in February of 2015. Following his death, his mother Lucy started a group called United in Compassion to petition for the legality of medical cannabis.

Dwarf Low Flyer

Victoria was the first state in Australia to create legal access to medical cannabis when it enacted the Victorian Access to Medical Cannabis Act 2016. Although it provided limited access, it restricted the eligible patient groups and specified the only products covered under the act would be Victorian-made. In 2018, Victoria lifted the restrictions on eligible patient groups and canceled the plans for the cannabis-specific manufacturing license scheme initially laid out.

New South Wales, which had notoriously strict laws regarding cannabis criminalization, started allowing doctors to prescribe medical marijuana in 2016 legally. While the patients’ approval process was initially prolonged, the New South Wales government made further improvements in 2018 to provide better, more timely access to much-needed treatment.

Australian Legislation on Growing Cannabis Seeds From Seed Banks

As of January 31, 2020, it is now legal – in the ACT only – to grow marijuana seeds from a local or online seed bank for personal medical or recreational use.

The new law allows two plants per person and no more than four plants per household. In other words, you may own many marijuana seeds — but you can only germinate a few cannabis seeds at a time.

What You Can’t Do With Weed Grown From Seed

Security measures must be taken to prevent your crop from being stolen (and potentially sold on the black market). Distribution of the weed you grow to the public is still highly illegal, and getting caught doing so will lead to unpleasant legal consequences. Sharing cannabis seeds with a friend or gifting it is classified as distribution.

Outside of the Australian Capital Territories, cultivating your own cannabis from seed is still illegal, even for medical marijuana patients. It is important to note that hydroponic growing techniques are unlawful throughout Australia, and getting caught with grow lights or other hydroponic equipment can land you in legal hot water.

The laws on growing marijuana seeds vary quite a bit as you move through the various Australian states and territories, so it’s a good idea to do a bit of research and understand what sort of fines or other legal repercussions you could be facing if you find cannabis seeds for sale in an Australian seed bank or online and do a bit of recreational gardening in Australia.

Possessing, Using, and Selling Marijuana Seeds or Flowers: What Does Australian Law Say?

Whether you’re an Australian resident or simply a traveler to the country, growing and possessing cannabis seeds for recreational purposes is still federally illegal in Australia. However, a growing number of citizens support marijuana legalization.

In January 2020, the ACT became the first Australian region to legalize recreational marijuana use and possession. However, it is illegal to use, grow, or possess cannabis seeds in public places within the ACT. Selling or distributing marijuana (which includes sharing your stash with a friend) and driving with any trace of cannabis in your system are also illegal.

The current criminal sanctions for possession, distribution, cultivation, and use of weed seeds throughout the rest of the country vary by state or territory. For example, in South Australia, you will find the most relaxed penalties of any state in the country.

Australian Cannabis Laws By Territory

South Australian police officers have the option of issuing a citation and fine instead of charging you with a crime if you’re found to be consuming cannabis or in possession of up to 100 grams of weed, 20 grams of resin, one cannabis plant, or cannabis-use paraphernalia, such as seeds.

In the Northern Territory, if you are in possession of fewer than 50 grams of marijuana at your home, you may only be subjected to a fine. However, possession of any quantity of weed in public still carries the risk of imprisonment.

Are you going to New South Wales? First-time offenders without a criminal history who are found in possession of fewer than 50 grams of weed for personal use may be offered the opportunity to participate in a Drug Diversion Assessment Program (DDAP) instead of being charged with a crime.

The same policy holds true in Queensland, Tasmania, and Victoria. In Western Australia, the threshold of what constitutes a “personal use” quantity is even smaller, at 10 grams or fewer.

Lenience At First — But Don’t Push It

Australia’s Drug Diversion Assessment Programs typically include mandatory counseling sessions designed to address the underlying reasons that a person may turn to drug use, encouraging offenders to find healthier ways of coping with stressful situations. Of course, subsequent offenses carry the likelihood of more significant consequences, from higher fines to imprisonment.

Fines issued for cannabis-related offenses typically must be paid within 28-60 days to prevent further legal repercussions. Should you be particularly unlucky and be sentenced to imprisonment for a simple (small quantity for personal use) cannabis offense, the maximum sentence is two years in most territories, three years in Queensland.

Legal Guide to Buying and Growing Cannabis Seeds In Australia: Summing It All Up

As of 2022, buying cannabis seeds online or from local seed banks for recreational grow purposes in Australia and the possession, use, and sale of recreational cannabis is still illegal under federal law.

However, on January 31st, 2020, the ACT was the first state to legalize the cultivation, use, and possession of recreational marijuana – up to 50 grams of dried weed per person and a limit of 2 plants per person. The status of medical marijuana in Australia underwent a significant change when it was legalized in 2016 and has since positively impacted the Australian economy and quality of life for patients there.

Possessing, distributing, and growing marijuana to resell are still considered illegal activities and are punishable by the law’s fullest extent. However, the penalties for engaging in these marijuana activities vary by state and even between different territories.

If you’re thinking of buying marijuana seeds from a local or online seed bank, possessing it, or using it in any way, always remember to check the specific laws where you reside or travel in Australia to avoid criminal penalties.

See also  Seeds inside weed

Are Cannabis Seeds Legal In Australia?

Find out if you can legally buy cannabis seeds to cultivate and grow marijuana within Australia! Read about Legal Buying Seeds!

Cannabis has been a subject of stigma for quite a while. Despite its widespread use and acceptance by the general people, it continues to be among the most stigmatised actions that have various legal and social effects across the globe and even in Australia.

A few changes in the law can be anticipated soon. In the meantime, some modifications are already evident in a variety of stores where one can buy high-quality marijuana seeds from Australia.

But, medical and recreational users continue to fight for the legalisation of the use, possession or cultivation of marijuana and cannabis seeds across Australia. Through the years, the stigma has attracted the media’s attention, numerous scientists and journals and conducted research and writing about the positives and negatives of cannabis.

In Australia, cannabis is legal to use for medical reasons only. As a result, it is not lawful for recreational purposes.

Depending on the state/province one finds oneself in when caught with the plant, the penalties for cultivation/possession will vary. In the main, the nation has implemented a National Drug Strategy, which encourages minimum penalties and punishments for the use of cannabis for recreational purposes and, to a lesser degree, trafficking.

The program is geared toward rehabilitation and includes a variety of treatment methods for offenders that reduce the chance of relapse.

Due to the uncertain lawful status for marijuana, buyers and sellers need to become familiar with the laws in place for cannabis in Australia and, in particular, the legal condition of seeds.

Learn more abouts growing and cannabis seeds within Australia here:

Laws For Each State Within Australia

Only those with an authorized prescription are permitted to utilize and own medical cannabis grown within the United States. In addition, cannabis needs to be authorized per the Therapeutic Goods Act by national regulators that oversee and supervise this program for medical cannabis.

Because cannabis is legal to use for medical reasons and the use of the seeds in a container is permissible subject to the condition that the seeds can only be used to grow plants for strictly medical reasons.

As previously mentioned, the use of cannabis for recreational reasons is not legal. Hence, the issue of how police officers will view the simple presence of marijuana seeds inside a single container isn’t entirely particular. If the seed is placed to signal that they’re meant to be used for recreational purposes, the seeds will be considered illegal and confiscated by law enforcement officials.

Potential Legal Offences

Although cannabis is the most popular drug in the world for general use, it remains banned in most states. However, the lawful status, possession and consumption of cannabis, and cannabis seeds, vary from state to state in Australia.

In the past two decades, it has become more commonplace the use cannabis as well as cultivate cannabis seeds. Only those with an approved prescription can consume and use medical cannabis in present Australia.

The prescription is only given to patients with grave and fatal ailments that are resistant in other ways. The prescription is individualized and requires approval from the government before the time of use. Furthermore, the prescription is around $300 per year.

Since cannabis is only legal for medical use, The cultivation and possession of seeds are permitted to be used only for medical reasons, which means that cultivating cannabis seeds without a license is not allowed.

Although it’s possible to purchase cannabis seeds, either at national dispensaries or via the internet-based seed bank, you’ll need the proper medical prescription to purchase seeds at a local dispensary.

Additionally, purchasing seeds from a different country and delivering these seeds back into Australia is illegal as only a doctor has the authority to acquire cannabis seeds or cannabis from overseas. In this regard, sending seeds to Australia is illegal; however, residents often carry it out.

Some misconceptions exist about marijuana seeds’ legality. It is possible to purchase cannabis seeds legally without prescription, as the sources by themselves don’t possess any psychoactive properties. Nevertheless, it is important to know that cannabis seeds can be utilized as souvenirs or collector’s products.

The only exception to this is in one of them, the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) in which the Australian capital city of Canberra is situated. In the ACT it is permissible to possess fifty grams of cannabis dried, or fresh 150g, and grow at least two plants of cannabis per individual, or four plants for a household.

It’s a thin line that separates illegal and legal in relation to marijuana seeds within Australia. Criminal charges for all cannabis-related illegal activity are usually revised and amended.

All across Australia, There are numerous ‘Cannabis Cautioning Scheme’ programs that the government established and currently operates. The principal goal for these schemes is to concentrate on treatment, discussion, and avoiding drug use instead of imposing punishment. However, penalties for illegal actions may differ in each state for serious crimes.

In most of the states and territories in Australia, the offender is punished with a fine of around $100 or the requirement to be enrolled in the Alcohol and Drug Program if found with less than 25grams cannabis. If the amount is more typically between 25 to 100g, the fine is increased to about $300. But, even if you are you are not able to obtain a medical prescription, it is possible to apply the leniency when dealing with those with serious and genuine health issues.

This article was researched using these and other references:

Cannabis in Australia – Laws, Use, and History

It’s illegal to use, buy or sell cannabis in Australia, though the penalties for these acts differs from state to state. Medicinal cannabis is available, but can be difficult for patients to obtain, though Australia’s industrial hemp market is currently thriving. As for decriminalisation of recreational use? It may be a possibility in the future.

    • CBD Products
    • Legal
    • Recreational cannabis
    • Illegal
    • Medicinal cannabis
    • Legal since 2016

    Cannabis laws in Australia

    Can you possess and use cannabis in Australia?

    It’s illegal to use or possess cannabis in Australia. However, the laws governing cannabis use vary, depending on the state.

    For example, throughout most Australian states there are ‘Cannabis Cautioning’ Programmes in place. These programmes tend to be policy-based, which means they focus on treatment and drug avoidance, rather than punishment.

    In New South Wales, The Cannabis Cautioning Scheme has been in place since April, 2000, and is operated by NSW Police Force. It was developed in response to a NSW Drug Summit finding that often arresting people for minor drug offences is not always an effective response.

    The scheme provides formal cautioning for adult offenders convicted for minor cannabis offences (15 grams or less), and uses police intervention to help seek treatment, and support.

    The scheme does not apply to those caught supplying cannabis, and police are still able to formally charge offenders. Drug dealers continue to be arrested and prosecuted under the Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act 1985.

    If caught with up to 25 grams of cannabis, the offender is fined A$100 or required to attend a Drug Diversion Programme. However, pressure is building for the laws to be changed, with prominent figures such as MP Rose Jackson calling for it to be decriminalised in the state. . It’s believed that this may inspire Australia’s other states to follow suit in the future.

    Until recently in the Australian Capital Territory, the Simple Cannabis Offence Notice (SCON) made possession of up to 25 grams, or two plants punishable with a fine of A$200. On 31 January, 2020, new rules around the personal use of cannabis changed. It is now legal to possess up to 50 grams of dried cannabis, or up to 150 grams of fresh cannabis. Grow up to two cannabis plants per person, with a maximum of four plants per household and consume cannabis in your home for personal use.

    Throughout Victoria, the Cannabis Cautioning Program provides a cautioning notice for minor cannabis offences, to offenders aged 17 years and over. The offender must only be in possession of a small (non-trafficable) amount of cannabis, admit to the offence and consent to being cautioned.

    A person can accumulate only two cautions, and a voluntary cannabis education program is available to accompany the caution.

    In Western Australia, it is illegal to possess, cultivate or supply cannabis. However, Under the Cannabis Intervention Requirement (CIR) scheme, police may issue a CIR notice to anyone aged 14 years and over, found in possession of small amounts of cannabis, and possession of smoking paraphernalia

    If caught with 10 grams or less, the offender must attend a one-to-one intervention counselling session. Larger amounts could result in an A$2,000 fine, two years in prison, or both.

    Across Queensland, possession of cannabis can be punished with up to 15 years in prison. However, sentences for minor amounts are rare, and if the amount is under 50 grams, the offender must be offered a drug diversion programme. The diversion includes a mandatory assessment and brief intervention program.

    Although, there are no Cannabis Cautioning Programmes available in the Northern Territory, laws are quite relaxed. If caught with up to 50 grams of cannabis, one gram of cannabis oil, 10 grams of cannabis resin or cannabis seeds, the offender may be fined A$200.

    In South Australia, recreational cannabis is illegal. However, there are no official charges for possessing small amounts, but usually, if caught with up to 25 grams, a fine of A$125 is given. This rises to A$300 if the quantity of cannabis is between 25 and 100 grams. Some are campaigning to raise cannabis’s status to ‘other controlled drugs’, which would increase the fine to A$2,000 or up to three years in prison.

    In some cases, the police are able to use their discretion. For example, in Tasmania, the Court Mandated Drug Diversion Program (CMD), can allow up to three incidents of possession of up to 50 grams of cannabis to pass without penalty. There is however, a hierarchy of intervention, and treatment with each subsequent caution.

    Can you sell cannabis in Australia?

    The sale and supply of cannabis is illegal across Australia. However, as with possession and use, regulations differ, depending on the territory the offender is in.

    For example, in Victoria, the penalty is dependent on how much cannabis the offender is caught with. This is defined as:

    • A small quantity (up to 50 grams, regarded as being for personal use)
    • A trafficable quantity (250 grams or over, or 10 plants)
    • A commercial quantity (25 kilograms or over, or 100 plants)
    • A large commercial quantity (250 kilograms or more, or 1,000 plants)

    If the court decides that the offender intended to traffic the cannabis, the penalties are:

    • 15 years in prison, a fine of up to 1,800 penalty units or both
    • And for commercial quantities, 25 years in prison, a fine of up to 3,000 penalty units, or both

    In cases where the individual is under 18, the sentence is limited to 20 years in prison, and/or a fine of up to 2,400 penalty units.

    However, in Queensland, the law operates differently. There are two drugs classifications, ‘sch 1’ or ‘sch 2’ drugs. Cannabis is ‘sch 2’. This means that, if caught supplying cannabis to others (even a small amount), the offender can be given up to 15 years in prison. This is increased to 20 years if they gave the cannabis to a minor, or to someone who was educationally or intellectually impaired.

    Trafficking is regarded as an even more serious offence, and is punishable with 20 years in prison.

    To use a further example, in the Northern Territory, prison sentences are in place for those who supply cannabis. These rise to as much as 25 years imprisonment if the offender sells the drug to a minor.

    Can you grow cannabis in Australia?

    It’s illegal to cultivate cannabis in Australia; but as with possession and sale, the laws differ from state to state.

    In New South Wales, penalties for growing cannabis are decided based on the number of plants, not their size or gender. This means that, even if the offender’s plants are only seedlings, this is regarded as the same as a full-sized plant. There are higher penalties for those who cultivate a ‘commercial quantity’ of cannabis.

    Whereas in Tasmania, the law is quite different. The possession of any ‘controlled plants’ can earn the offender up to two years in prison, and if they have 20 plants or more, this is regarded as being cultivation with intent to sell. In this instance, the penalties are likely to be higher.

    Is CBD legal in Australia?

    Previously, CBD products were only available for medicinal purposes via prescription. According to patient reports, it could only be accessed with a government-approved licence. In order to obtain a licence, patients completed an application under the Special Access Scheme. However, there was no guarantee of approval, and the licence cost $300 a year.

    In 2020, the Therapeutic Goods Association announced plans to change the Poisons Standard for cannabidiol. This would mean that medicinal cannabidiol products could be obtained over the counter at a pharmacy, rather than via prescription. Patients would only be able to access a 30-day supply, and the product would be consumed, rather than smoked.

    Earlier in 2021, cannabidiol products were downgraded from Schedule 4 to Schedule 3 by the Therapeutic Goods Administration. The decision allowed TGAapproved CBD products, with up to a maximum of 150 mg per day, to be purchased by adults, over-the-counter with a prescription.

    Dr . Ben Jansen, the Founder and clinical director of CDA Clinics, said to Australia’s leading news publication, (“news.com.au”), “The shift to over-the-counter is a huge stepping stone in reducing stigma and encouraging wider societal acceptance around medical cannabis”. With patient numbers rapidly increasing over the last two years, there is definitely more support for cannabis products.

    Can cannabis seeds be sent to Australia?

    At present, only patients with a valid prescription are able to purchase and use medicinal cannabis. All cannabis must meet the requirements of the Therapeutic Goods Act too, and can only be legally obtained by a medical practitioner. As such, mailing the seeds into the country is illegal.

    Medicinal cannabis in Australia

    Medicinal cannabis was made legal in 2016, under the proviso that the market would be regulated by the Federal Government Office of Drug Control. In 2017, the prescription of cannabis-based medicinal products was legalised, and a list of authorised uses for the drugs was created.

    However, as always, there are also the state laws, which differ from area to area. Here’s a quick run-through:

    Victoria

    Medicinal cannabis was legalised in Victoria in 2017, but only for children with severe epilepsy that failed to respond to other treatments.

    South Australia

    Medicinal cannabis is available on prescription for patients with certain listed symptoms. This law was passed in 2016.

    Australian Capital Territory

    In 2016, ACT made it legal for medicinal cannabis to be used to treat patients with certain conditions, such as spasticity in MS, nausea and vomiting relating to cancer chemotherapy, or pain / anxiety for those with a terminal illness. Medical practitioners also have the right to apply through the health authority for an ‘Approval by Drug’, enabling them to prescribe medicinal cannabis for other patients too.

    New South Wales

    In 2016, the NSW Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Amendment Regulation made medicinal cannabis legal for adults with terminal illnesses.

    Queensland

    Queensland’s Public Health (Medical Cannabis) Act in 2016 permitted cannabis to be used by patients with a range of conditions such as epilepsy, cancer, MS and HIV/AIDS.

    Northern Territory

    Access to medicinal cannabis products in the Northern Territory is restricted to patients with specific conditions such as epilepsy, MS, chronic pain, chemotherapy-induced sickness and nausea, and palliative care.

    Tasmania

    Tasmania permits patients to have unregistered access to medicinal cannabis products. However, this confusing system meant that most medical specialists have yet to apply for it, so in reality, access to the drugs is limited.

    Western Australia

    Medicinal cannabis was made legal in 2016 for specific health conditions.

    The medicinal cannabis market

    Australia’s government are keen to capitalise on their domestic cannabis market. In February, 2018, the export of medicinal cannabis products was legalized due to a change in regulations, under the Narcotic Drugs Amendment Act.

    Since mid-2020, there have been 13 Cannabis Cultivation and Production Licences issued under the scheme (37 medicinal cannabis licenses for commercial cultivation, 11 licenses for cannabis research, 36 cannabis manufacture licenses and 29 licenses for importation). In , 2021, only 4 license holders remain visible on the Australian Government Department of Health’s .

    Industry figures praised the decision, overwhelmed by the rapid growth of the industry, Freshleaf’s Managing Director, Cassandra Hunt, commented on their website: “The Australian medicinal cannabis market continues its strong growth trajectory, with revenue expected to more than double in 2021 from around $100 million last year. There’s good news for patients, too, with the price of medicine continuing to fall.”

    With increasing demand keeping prices low and new products are flooding the cannabis market – looking very promising for the medicinal consumer.

    Industrial hemp in Australia

    It’s legal to grow industrial hemp in every state of Australia. Tasmania was the first to legalise it in 1995, followed by Victoria in 1998 and Queensland in 2002. Western Australia followed suit in 2004, by introducing an Industrial Hemp Act, which enabled licensees to cultivate it on a commercial scale.

    New South Wales created their Hemp Industry Act in 2008, while Southern Australia didn’t pass their Industrial Hemp Act until 2017.

    In November 2017, the Food Standards Code was amended, permitting the sale of low THC hemp seed as a food product. The next year, the Western Australian Hemp Growers’ Co-Operative was established; highlighting the industry’s growth.

    According to government data, this growth looks like an ongoing trend. The industry is set to be worth A$3million annually by 2023, and farmers across the country are positive about the future.

    Research scientist Mark Skewes spoke to ABC News about the performance of the hemp plantations in South Australia so far, saying: “In terms of being able to grow hemp and produce good yields of quality seed, that’s all looking promising. Hemp will grow very successfully here.”

    Political parties and cannabis

    There’s a lot of support in Australia for decriminalising cannabis for recreational use. For example, in Australian Capital Territory, parliament are debating the issue, which was put forward by Labour backbencher Michael Pettersson.

    However, the suggestion has met with opposition, with other politicians commenting on the constitutional obstacles. If passed, the state law would contradict the Commonwealth law, which raises a lot of problems.

    In Queensland, politicians like Larissa Waters (a senator for the Green Party) said it was “high time” for Australia to legalise cannabis. “One in three Australians have used it, and the vast majority of Australians think it shouldn’t be a crime to do so,” she commented to news.com.au.

    Good to know

    If you are travelling to Australia (or currently live there), you may be interested to know the following:

    • Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal substance among young people in the country, with 16% of students aged between 12 and 17 having used it.
    • According to UNODC data, Australia ranks 9 th in the world in terms of number of people who use cannabis.
    • Even the government’s own website acknowledges the prevalence of cannabis use in the country, stating that it is “relatively easy to obtain”.

    Cannabis history

    It’s believed that hemp was first introduced to Australia at the request of Sir Joseph Banks, the botanist who sailed with Captain James Cook. He’d hoped that the hemp would be cultivated commercially for the new colony situated in the country.

    After this time, Australia’s early governments actively encouraged the cultivation of the plant, and cannabis was widely used across the country, both for recreational and medicinal purposes.

    As with many other parts of the world, Australia started to change its attitudes to cannabis in the 1920s. They signed the 1925 Geneva Convention on Opium and Other Drugs, which restricted the use of the plant to medicinal and research purposes only. It was also placed in the same category as cocaine and heroin. Pressure from the UK encouraged Australia’s government to implement local laws to eradicate cannabis use.

    In the 1930s, a ‘shock campaign’ was used to dissuade cannabis users further, with the publication Smith’s Weekly claiming that it was a “new drug that maddens victims”. This campaign also suggested that it was an “evil sex drug” and the “biggest gateway drug”.

    Despite this, cannabis continued to be used, and in the 1960s, its popularity increased. ‘Hippy culture’ embraced the psychedelic effects of the plant, which led to greater eradication efforts from the government.

    See also  How much to sell weed seeds for